Skip to main content
Statement banner

Policy Insights

Researchers and collaboration partners of Population Europe as well as eminent experts from leading organisations contribute to the debate on demographic developments that are of public interest by providing insights into pressing policy issues.

David Tett
Population ageing, decline of the European labour force, inequalities in economic activity between age groups and countries: all these challenges put European social systems to the test. How best to meet them? How to design resilient policy responses? Is the solution simply: more migration?
Three years after Covid-19 first hit Europe, it can be said that older people were among the groups most affected by the pandemic. At the same time, older people were in some ways more equipped to adapt to the reality of this social crisis – as they had lived through others before. This capacity to withstand and cope has recently been discussed as “resilience”. But what, exactly, is resilience? And how can older people’s resilience inform future policies?
Formal adult education can help promote gender equality by fostering female employment and reducing women’s disadvantages in the labour market. This can be achieved with policies that enhance work-family balance and thus reduce barriers for mothers to invest in their further education.
Three generations

Over the past 100 years, the size and composition of the world’s population has been transformed. In 1930, the world was home to 2 billion people; on 21 January 1987 the world marked the birth of its 5 billionth citizen, taking 57 years to add 3 billon people; today (15 November 2022) the world population is estimated to reach 8 billion, taking just 35 years to add the next 3 billion.

Puzzle of the EU with the UK missing
While the EU implements initiatives that move toward equality between immigrant and resident workers, the UK, in contrast, has become more unequal for working immigrants compared to UK residents due to the removal of the distinction between workers from EU member states and third-country workers.