Contact Population Europe Secretariat WissenschaftsForum Markgrafenstraße 37 10117 Berlin - Germany Fon +49 (0)30 2061 383 -30 Fax +49 (0)30 2061 383 -50 firstname.lastname@example.org Image Population Europe Newsletter - April 2021 Our newsletter is a bit later than usual, but we’ve been busy! One big project we’ve been working on is re-designing and updating our website. It just went live this week, so make sure to check it out. On March 29th, our own Dr Daniela Vono de Vilhena spoke at the European Parliamentary Research Service’s annual roundtable about the 'Demographic Outlook for the European Union'. To help emphasise a main point of her presentation for the need for improved data, we invited experts to participate in a special Twitter Takeover Series focused on addressing the current state of COVID-19-related data. Thank you to all those that participated, and if you missed it, you can check out all their interesting insights here. Pop Digest Image 14/01/2021 Parent-Child Relationships Does being conceived with help of medically assisted reproduction play a role? Alice Goisis and Maria Palma (Centre for Longitudinal Studies, Social Research Institute, UCL) looked at parent-child relationships of individuals around the age of 14 in the UK. Their results suggest that differences between the medically assisted reproduction and natural conception families in terms of closeness and frequency of quarrelling are small, and generally not statistically significant. Read more about Parent-Child Relationships Image 15/01/2021 Risky Behaviours and Life Expectancy in Europe The combined impact of smoking, obesity and alcohol on national life expectancy levels and trends Fanny Janssen (Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute and University of Groningen), Sergi Trias-Llimós (London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine and Centre for Demographic Studies CED Barcelona) and Anton E. Kunst (University of Amsterdam) examined the individual and combined effects of smoking, obesity and alcohol not only on life expectancy levels but also on secular trends in life expectancy for 30 European countries. Read more about Risky Behaviours and Life Expectancy in Europe Image 22/01/2021 Should I Have a Kid? Fertility intentions among native and migrant women in Italy Eleonora Mussino, Giuseppe Gabrielli, Livia Elisa Ortensi and Salvatore Strozza inquire directly into the short-term fertility intentions of migrants compared to natives in Italy. They also ask whether demographic and socio-economic factors play different roles in the two groups. Read more about Should I Have a Kid? Image 01/02/2021 Spillover Effects of Fixed-Term Employment on the Subjective Well-Being of Partners In a recent study, Sonja Scheuring (ERC project SECCOPA, University of Bamberg), Jonas Voßemer (ERC project HEALFAM, Mannheim Centre for European Social Research, MZES), Anna Baranowska-Rataj (ERC project HEALFAM, Umeå University) and Giulia Tattarini (Berlin Social Science Center, WZB) investigated how employment transitions into and out of fixed-term contracts affect the well-being of partners in Germany. Read more about Spillover Effects of Fixed-Term Employment on the Subjective Well-Being of Partners Image 05/02/2021 Fertility Behaviours and Socio-Economic Status Differences have widened during the global fertility transition To better understand how the differences by socio-economic status developed during the transition from high to low rates of childbearing, Martin Dribe (Lund University) and Francesco Scalone (University of Bologna) analysed large-scale micro-level population data from the IPUMS archive. Read more about Fertility Behaviours and Socio-Economic Status Image 12/02/2021 The Longevity Revolution is Going Strong The human longevity revolution that started in 1840 shows no signs of ending soon, according to a Perspectives article published in PNAS. Understanding how much human lifespan can be extended is a major scientific goal, with critical implications across health, social, political, cultural, and economic domains. James Vaupel, Francisco Villavicencio and Marie-Pier Bergeron-Boucher summarize past trends in human longevity, upcoming prospects for life expectancy, and potential directions for future research. Read more about The Longevity Revolution is Going Strong Image 12/02/2021 It’s Dad’s Turn How the pandemic affected gendered division of childcare time Michaela Kreyenfeld (Hertie School) and Sabine Zinn (Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (DIW) and Humboldt Universität zu Berlin) used data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) to examine how time spent on childcare changed for mothers and fathers respectively from 2019 to spring 2020. Read more about It’s Dad’s Turn Image 18/02/2021 Socio-Economic Background and Family Formation To what extent does the societal context affect the influence of socio-economic status on the decision to have a child while cohabiting? Judith Koops, Aart Liefbroer and Anne Gauthier (Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute) studied the role of the SES of one’s parents on having a first birth in cohabitation or marriage in 19 European and North American countries. Read more about Socio-Economic Background and Family Formation Image 26/02/2021 The Spread of Uncertainty Causes a Drop in Birth Rates Chiara Ludovica Comolli (University of Lausanne) and Daniele Vignoli (University of Florence) look at how we know whether the particular media interpretation of an event is accepted and influences the behaviour of the general public. Read more about The Spread of Uncertainty Causes a Drop in Birth Rates Image 11/03/2021 The Importance of Caring Relations in eHealth Jens Lindberg, Robert Bhatt and Anton Ferm from Umeå University describe older people’s perceptions of caring relations in the context of rural eHealth, as well as to explore how such relations can facilitate engagement in digital primary healthcare. Read more about The Importance of Caring Relations in eHealth Image 19/03/2021 Cohabitation and Attitudes toward Union Dissolution Martin Kreidl (Masaryk University) and Zuzana Žilinčíková (Université Catholique de Louvain) examine how marriage and cohabitation differ in their effect on attitudes toward family dissolution. Read more about Cohabitation and Attitudes toward Union Dissolution Image 06/04/2021 Is Population Policy Part of the Answer to Climate Change? A Survey among Demographers Van Dalen and Henkens (both Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute) consider the relationship between population and climate change as well as the prospect of using population policy by asking the community of European demographers and population scientists what they think. Read more about Is Population Policy Part of the Answer to Climate Change? Image 21/04/2021 More Equal Sharing of Domestic Work? Slow gender convergence in housework and childcare Ariane Pailhé and Anne Solaz (Institut national d'études démographiques (INED)) and Maria Stanfors (Centre for Economic Demography, Lund University) analyse the trends of level shifts and gender differences in housework and childcare across France, Italy, the Netherlands, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the U.S. from the mid-1980s to the early 2010s. Read more about More Equal Sharing of Domestic Work? Image 22/04/2021 How Does Unemployment Affect Migrants’ Likelihood to Leave England and Wales? An article in International Migration Review by Louise Caron and Mathieu Ichou (Institut National d’Etudes Démographiques, INED) refines the understanding of the role of unemployment at one’s destination on remigration behaviours. Read more about How Does Unemployment Affect Migrants’ Likelihood to Leave England and Wales? Policy Insights Image 23/03/2021 Missing New Births? The impact of emigration during the Great Recession on fertility levels in Italy In a recent paper published in the prestigious journal Demography, Massimo Anelli and Nicoletta Balbo asked the question: what would have happened to fertility levels in Italy if this massive emigration flow had not happened? Through this exercise, they could also understand what effect the recession on fertility levels would have been in the absence of out-migration. Read more about Missing New Births? Image 21/04/2021 Measuring Improvement in Human Well-being Globally By Erich Striessnig (Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital (IIASA, OeAW, University of Vienna)) Erich Striessnig (Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital) looks at how we can measure the progress of all these Sustainable Development Goals when the ‘Final list of proposed indicators’ contains 230 items? Read more about Measuring Improvement in Human Well-being Globally News Image 07/01/21 New Partner Institute: UCL Social Research Institute Population Europe welcomes the Social Research Institute, a centre of the University College London, as the 36th partner in the Network of Europe's leading demographic research centres. Image 07/01/21 40 million NOK awarded to The Centre for Fertility and Health In December 2020, the Centre for Fertility and Health was awarded 40 million NOK by the Research Council of Norway to support the Centre in three new projects: (1) Sickness in the Family, (2) Transitions in the Education System and (3) Women's Fertility. Image 10/02/21 Professor Laura Bernardi elected President of the Humanities and Social Sciences Division of the National Research Council SNSF Congratulations to Professor Laura Bernardi at LIVES for being elected President of the Humanities and Social Sciences Division of the National Research Council! Image 18/02/21 Melinda Mills appointed member of the EU Commission’s High-Level Advisory Group convened by Commissioner Paolo Gentiloni Melinda Mills was appointed as a member of the EU Commission’s High-Level Advisory Group convened by Commissioner Paolo Gentiloni to reflect on post-COVID economic and social challenges. Image 19/02/21 Mikhail Denisenko appointed Director of HSE Institute of Demography Mikhail Denisenko has been appointed Director of HSE Institute of Demography Image 10/03/21 Berlin becomes the capital of demographic change From 22 to 24 March, the Berlin Demography Days will take place for the first time. At the online event, the Vice-President of the European Commission Dubravka Šuica will speak about the relationship between democracy and demography. In addition, the winners of the European Demographer Awards will be honoured. Image 29/03/21 Our Daniela Vono de Vilhena joins EPRS' Online Policy Roundtable How is the coronavirus crisis changing Europe's demography? The 2021 EPRS' Demographic Outlook Our Daniela Vono de Vilhena joins EPRS' Online Policy Roundtable on the topic 'How is the coronavirus crisis changing Europe's demography? The 2021 EPRS' Demographic Outlook.' Image 20/04/21 European statistics on population (ESOP) Eurostat is working on a policy initiative on European statistics on population and is looking for feedback from professionals and citizens. Image 21/04/21 COVID Data Twitter Takeover Series During the week of April 12, we launched the COVID Data Twitter Takeover Series bringing experts together to discuss the current state of COVID-19 data Image 28/04/21 Second Exploratory Meeting Between the Vice President of the European Commission for Democracy and Demography Dubravka Šuica & leading demographers at the EU The purpose of this second meeting was to discuss: a) the role of demography in the recovery plans for Europe and b) population decline and brain drain. Books and Reports Image 02/02/21 Systematic review of determinants of migration aspirations Read the full report here In this paper, Maryam Aslany, Jørgen Carling, Mathilde Bålsrud Mjelva and Tone Sommerfelt comprehensively review the findings of published empirical research on the formation of migration aspirations. That is, they are interested in how individual factors (such as educational attainment or employment status) and contextual factors (such as the quality of public services or the levels of violence and insecurity) help explain who wants to leave and who wants to stay. Read more about Systematic review of determinants of migration aspirations Image 24/02/21 Sustainable Population Development in Finland: The 2020 Population Policy Report by Väestöliitto Read and download the full report here Edited by Tiia Sorsa, Väestöliitto’s new population policy report, Sustainable Population Development in Finland, examines the trends currently affecting the population of Finland. Read more about Sustainable Population Development in Finland: The 2020 Population Policy Report by Väestöliitto Image 04/03/21 More frequent separation and repartnering among people aged 50 and over Read and download the full report here Anne Sola (French Institute for Demographic Studies) shows that divorces and union dissolutions have become much more frequent in the last half-century, even among people aged 50 and up. Read more about More frequent separation and repartnering among people aged 50 and over Image 11/03/21 The European Pillar of Social Rights: turning principles into actions Read and download the full report here The European Pillar of Social Rights Action Plan outlines concrete actions to further implement the principles of the European Pillar of Social Rights as a joint effort by the Members States and the EU, with an active involvement of social partners and civil society. Read more about The European Pillar of Social Rights: turning principles into actions Image 17/03/21 Eltern sein in Deutschland Read and download the full report here 'Eltern sein in Deutschland' summarises the expert report of the Commission of Experts for the Ninth Family Report and provides an overview of the most important social trends that determine family life and the situation of parents in Germany. Read more about Eltern sein in Deutschland Image 26/03/21 Policy learning from COVID-19 in Europe Read and download the full report here Drawing on a wide range of multi-disciplinary published materials and official statistics, research articles, reports, briefings and academic debates, as well as media headlines and commentary, this briefing by Linda Hantrais (International Inequalities Institute, London School of Economics and Political Science) assesses policy learning during the first wave of the pandemic in Europe Read more about Policy learning from COVID-19 in Europe Image 30/03/21 Expert opinion on migration data Read and download the full report here To answer the question 'how well do publicly available statistics on international migration for European countries, more in particular statistics on international migration from national statistical agencies, reflect the true migration flows?' Nico Keilman and Georgios Aristotelous eliciting expert opinions on measurement accuracy and undercount. Read more about Expert opinion on migration data Image 31/03/21 How Demography Can Help to Better Understand the Pandemic Read and download the full report here This joint publication by Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, the Rostocker Zentrum zur Erforschung des Demografischen Wandels, the Vienna Institute of Demography, the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital and the Federal Institute for Population Research looks at the latest demographic research relating to the COVID pandemic. Read more about How Demography Can Help to Better Understand the Pandemic Image 07/04/21 Looking Beyond COVID-19: Strengthening family support services across the OECD Read and download the full report here This working paper by Sophie Riding, Olivier Thévenon, Willem Adema and Gráinne Dirwan provides an overview of the nature and key priorities of family support services operating in OECD countries to inform on the factors that contribute to their quality and delivery effectiveness. Read more about Looking Beyond COVID-19: Strengthening family support services across the OECD Image 08/04/21 Demographic outlook for the European Union 2021 Read and download the full report here Demographic Outlook for the European Union 2021 by Monika Kiss focuses on poverty as a global, EU-wide and regional phenomenon, and examines how poverty interacts with demographic indicators (such as fertility and migration rates) or with factors such as the degree of urbanisation. Read more about Demographic outlook for the European Union 2021 Image 22/04/21 Migration and Discrimination Read and download the full book here Rosita Fibbi, Arnfinn H. Midtbøen and Patrick Simon provide a state of the art overview of the discrimination research field, with a particular focus on discrimination against immigrants and their descendants. Read more about Migration and Discrimination Image 22/04/21 Social Exclusion in Later Life Read and download the full book here Drawing on interdisciplinary, cross-national perspectives, this open access book by Kieran Walsh, Thomas Scharf, Sofie Van Regenmortel and Anna Wanka contributes to the development of a coherent scientific discourse on social exclusion of older people. Read more about Social Exclusion in Later Life Webinars Image 15/12/2020 VULNER Webinar: 'Bridging Legal and Empirical Research Methods in Migration Research - What are the Challenges?' In this VULNER project webinar, Anuscheh Farahat and Marie-Claire Foblets discuss how legal and empirical research methods can be mobilized in efficient and convincing ways that ultimately support the development of evidence-informed migration policies. Read more about VULNER Webinar: 'Bridging Legal and Empirical Research Methods in Migration Research - What are the Challenges?'