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Policy Insights

Researchers and collaboration partners of Population Europe as well as eminent experts from leading organisations contribute to the debate on demographic developments that are of public interest by providing insights into pressing policy issues.

by Petra de Jong, Netherlands Interdisciplinary Demographic Institute (NIDI)
Petra de Jong (NIDI) used a mixed-methods approach to investigate the factors influencing people’s willingness to migrate and whether the receiving country's welfare system can influence individual migration decisions. She found no support for the "welfare magnet hypothesis" in the specific case of labour migrants, though her findings suggest that a generous welfare system in the country of origin can help encourage potential out-migrants to stay. [...]
by Alessandra Minello, University of Florence
The role of mothers, instead, is rarely central in the social mobility studies. However, Mothers play an increasingly important role in daughters' education and career advancement, especially if they are highly educated. Minello consequently argues for increased attention in the intergenerational mobility literature on the influence of mothers upon daughters' decisions and careers. [...]
by Daniel Rossetti, Stockholm University Demography Unit (SUDA)
Fewer and fewer children are being born in Sweden, while the average age of first-time mothers is rising. The latest figures from Statistics Sweden show that fertility rates in Sweden have fallen every year since 2009, and that the average age at first birth is the highest over a very long time. But none of the explanations researchers referred to in the past seem to be sufficient this time. So how can this development be explained? [...]
Roles – Challenges – Practices
This working paper is based on the outcomes of a workshop discussion with experts from different scientific fields who work at the intersection of research, politics, economics and society. It took place on June 3, 2019, at the office of the National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina in Berlin. [...]
Zur Bedeutung des sozialen Umfelds in städtischen Bezirken und ländlichen Regionen angesichts des demografischen Wandels
Ergebnisprotokoll des Workshops am Dienstag, 24. September 2019, mit Expert/innen aus Wissenschaft, Politik und Gesellschaft in den Räumen von Population Europe im WissenschaftsForum in Berlin. [...]
by Anthony Trueman, European Sociological Association
Working parents have better mental health when their young children are looked after part-time in nursery schools or other formal childcare, rather than just by relatives, research says. Research on 6,700 parents of one- and two-year-olds in 29 European countries, including the UK, found that parents using part-time formal childcare had better mental health than those who used informal childcare only. [...]
Aufgaben – Herausforderungen – Praxis
Dieses Diskussionspapier geht auf die Ergebnisse eines Werkstattgesprächs mit Expert/innen aus unterschiedlichen wissenschaftlichen Arbeitsbereichen, die an den Schnittstellen von Forschung, Politik, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft arbeiten, zurück. Es fand am 3. Juni 2019 in der Geschäftsstelle der Leopoldina – Nationale Akademie der Wissenschaften in Berlin statt. [...]
By Miguel González-Leonardo, Antonio López-Gay and Joaquín Recaño
Depopulation is no longer a phenomenon exclusive to rural areas. It has now expanded to small and medium-sized towns and cities in outflow regions. Young people in these municipalities, mainly those who are highly educated, are more likely to emigrate to the more thriving metropolitan areas. The departure of qualified young people is not compensated for, either numerically or based on the educational level of people who arrive from other places. This situation gives rise to negative migration balances and processes of educational decapitalisation. [...]
By Mark Levels
Making modern contraceptives cheap, available and socially acceptable is the only policy that works in reducing unintended pregnancies, demand for abortion services, and ultimately, abortion incidence. [...]
By Veronica Toffolutti and Marc Suhrcke
Austerity regimes are associated with an increase in overall mortality and suicides. However, this effect is compensated by the decreasing mortality effect due to recessions. The exception is suicide-related mortality, which increases during both times of austerity and recession. These findings are highlighted in a recent paper published in Economics & Human Biology. [...]