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Population Europe Newsletter - September 2020

Demography drives your future

This is the newsletter of Population Europe, the network of Europe's leading demographic research centres.

Books and Reports
Books and Reports: Who Cares? Attracting and Retaining Care Workers for the Elderly
This report presents the most up-to-date and comprehensive cross-country assessment of long-term care (LTC) workers, the tasks they perform and the policies to address shortages in OECD countries. It highlights the importance of improving working conditions in the sector and making care work more attractive and shows that there is space to increase productivity by enhancing the use of technology, providing a better use of skills and investing in prevention.
Books and Reports: COVID-19 and Women Migrant Workers: Impacts and Implications
This paper from the International Organization for Migration (UN Migration) explores the impacts and implications of the COVID-19 pandemic on women migrant workers. It examines the disproportionate effects of the crisis on women, discusses the particular case of women who are "essential" migrant workers, and concludes with some recommendations.
Event Review
"So that what fits together grows together: How we can better exploit the potential of data"
1 September 2020: Tuesday Dialogue of the Förderfonds Wissenschaft in Berlin
Stefan Liebig, Director of the Socio-Economic Panel and Member of the Board of the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW), preceded his presentation at the first Tuesday Dialogue with the question: What data are available to answer to important future challenges, and how can we better tap this potential and possibly even expand it considerably?
News: New Project on Refugee and Immigrant Settlement in Greece
Kostas Rontos of the University of the Aegean is leading a new project entitled, “The perspective of a permanent refugees’ and immigrants’ settlement in Greece: Revealing the demographic and sociο-economic consequences and their importance for the Greek society’s acceptance”. 
Policy Brief
A Long-Term Vision for the Development of Rural Areas in Europe
Population decline in rural areas has recently gained importance on the European Union’s (EU) agenda and is currently among the priorities related to demographic change for the Vice-President for Democracy and Demography of the European Commission. A previous Population Europe policy brief provided recommendations on how rural areas can respond to these population changes while offering a good quality of life (Lines, 2020). In this current policy brief, eminent demography scholars present key insights from the discipline, aiming to contribute to the current debates on the future of rural areas in Europe.
Policy Insights
Pop Digest
The Burden of Unemployment
Baranowska-Rataj and Strandh of Umeå University looked at the impact of unemployment on self-rated health of partners. They found that financial support from the welfare state can somewhat moderate the negative health effects of a partner becoming unemployed, with interesting differences across countries with diverging policies supporting gender equality.
Leaving the Parental Home in the Time of Youth Unemployment and Non-Standard Employment
Gousia & colleagues used the Understanding Society longitudinal study to investigate the effects of employment on chances of housing autonomy among young people in the UK. They found significant negative effects of past as well as anticipated unemployment, as well as some important gender differences.
The Importance of the Kid Next Door
Finn Hedefalk and Martin Dribe (Centre for Economic Demography and the Department of Economic History, Lund University) looked at the association between neighbourhood conditions throughout childhood and educational attainment in adulthood. Unlike existing research that has focused on present-day and segregated cities in the United States, Hedefalk and Dribe take a long-term perspective and examine the impact of one’s neighbourhood in a more homogenous city in Sweden.
Can I Count on Your Help?
Using SHARE data, Roberta Rutigliano of the University of Groningen finds that the expectation of receiving occasional grandparental childcare has a positive influence on first birth transition for all included countries, while the expectation of receiving regular grandparental childcare has a positive influence only for pro-traditional and pro-natalist countries.
Examining Migration within Russia
Liliya Karachurina and Nikita Mkrtchyan (National Research University Higher School of Economics, Department of Demography) looked at how age-specific migration patterns in Europe and the United States are reflected in Russia and compared the age profiles of net migration in central and peripheral municipalities.
VULNER Webinar: 'COVID-19 and Border Closures: How are Vulnerable Migrants Affected?'
As the COVID-19 epidemic has spread across Europe and beyond, border closures are deeply affecting migrants. During this webinar, migration scholars take stock of legal and policy measures adopted in the EU and Canada, discuss how these measures have impacted vulnerable migrants and examine some of the solutions that have been set in motion.