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Ageing and Life Expectancy

The recent experience of OECD countries as a laboratory to understand what causes workers to delay retirement
Boissonneault & colleagues reviewed literature that studied the causes of increases in retirement age over the past 30 years in OECD countries. They found that changes to the social security systems effectively contributed to increases in observed retirement ages. [...]
by Alberto Palloni (CSIC) & Stephan Walter (Rey Juan Carlos University)
Palloni & Walter explore possible causes of differences in fatality rates due to COVID-19 by gender, country, and region. These explanations include comparability of statistics and accounting of cases; variance in resources and capacity to cope with the pandemic; population health composition; and most notably, biology and epigenetics. [...]
Population Europe welcomes the AAL Programme as its newest collaboration partner! [...]
James Vaupel, a top demographer based at the University of Southern Denmark (SDU), has received a European Research Council grant for the new project ´Inequalities in Lifespans before and after Retirement: Trailblazing Demographic Theory and Analysis´. The major innovation of Vaupel’s project is the inclusion of individual lifespan inequalities into the theory on mortality at older ages. [...]
How can cities and municipalities respond to these changes and what steps can be taken to maintain the quality of life in regions with a shrinking population? What are the differences in the needs and demands of young generations, young families and older generations? These questions were the subject of a meeting held in Berlin on 20 January 2020 on behalf of a project funded by the German Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth, in which experts from research, policy, local government and civil society in Germany discussed possible solutions. [...]
Wie können Städte und Gemeinden auf diese Bevölkerungstrends reagieren und wie kann die Lebensqualität auch in schrumpfenden Regionen erhalten werden? Wie unterscheiden sich diesbezüglich die Ansprüche von jüngeren Menschen, jungen Familien und der älteren Generation? Dies war Gegenstand eines vom Bundesministerium für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend geförderten Projekts, bei dem Expert/innen aus Wissenschaft, Politik, Kommunalverwaltung und Zivilgesellschaft in Deutschland bei einer Tagung am 20. Januar 2020 in Berlin diskutierten. [...]
This new policy brief from United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) discusses the need for countries in the region to address the potential disadvantages women may face due to population ageing. Gender- and age-responsive reforms must consider the multiple dimensions of gender inequality manifest in ageing societies. [...]
How can organisations ease work limitations of older workers suffering from chronic health conditions?
Anushiya Vanajan (NIDI and University of Groningen) and colleagues used data from the Netherlands to compare the associations between three flexible work arrangements and severe health-related work limitations among older workers. Working time flexibility was associated with fewer health-related work limitations, while work place flexibility and phased retirement were not. [...]
The role of childhood socioeconomic conditions in geriatric health
Poor childhood socioeconomic conditions are associated with higher risk of frailty in old age, find Bernadette van der Linden (NCCR LIVES) et al. By using longitudinal and cross-national data, their study is the first longitudinal and cross-national European study to indicate that pathways to (pre-)frailty already begin during childhood and continue over the life course. [...]

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