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Armenia and Georgia in comparative perspectiveMortality trends in former Soviet Republics differ substantially among countries. While these trends have been well-documented for Russia and other northern former Soviet Republics, little is known about countries located in the southern tier of the region. To begin to fill this gap, Duthé et al. (2017) present evidence from Georgia and Armenia and compare it with countries which we know more about, namely Kyrgyzstan and Russia. Results show that Armenia and Georgia have similar levels of adult mortality as Kyrgystan. [...]
A European comparisonIn the context of migration and integration, social relations are crucial. But establishing social ties in a new country takes time – sometimes over generations. In a study by Helga de Valk and Bruno Arpino, they examine whether immigrants and their children across Europe are satisfied in their life as much as natives with similar socioeconomic characteristics, and how social relations contribute to this feeling of satisfaction. [...]
A look at fertility levels of Russians living in EstoniaTo help societies in Europe combat their decreasing fertility rates, many see the immigrant populations as a potential solution to help alleviate the situation. However, this is not always reality. In a recent study, Allan Puur and colleagues give some evidence by examining childbearing behaviours of Russians in Estonia. [...]
An analysis of 17 European countriesPast research has found that mortality is typically lower among those with a more advantageous socioeconomic position. The "fundamental causes" theory argues that it is the material and non-material resources associated with higher socioeconomic position, such as income, access to knowledge and social connections, that helps these individuals avoid disease, which leads to health inequalities. Johan P. Mackenbach and colleagues tested this theory to see if declines in mortality are greater among those with a higher socioeconomic position. [...]
Childcare Availability Has Substantial Positive Effects on Fertility Among Dual-Earner Couples in BelgiumUsing detailed longitudinal census and register data from the 2000s combined with childcare coverage rates for 588 municipalities in Belgium, a new study by Jonas Wood and Karel Neels from the Centre for Longitudinal and Life-Course Studies at the University of Antwerp indicates clear and substantial positive effects of local formal childcare provision on the likelihood of having a child among dual-earner couples, especially when considering becoming a parent for the first time. [...]
Whether more education leads to more childlessness depends on the policy contextLong before we had the numbers, it was assumed more education among women would increase childlessness among them. More education means more autonomy and/or more to lose, the arguments go. Closer study in recent years has revealed a more complicated relationship. [...]
A look at NorwayWhether children stabilize or destabilize unions has long interested nearly everyone. Most studies by social scientists indicate the former—that kids are a stabilizing force in relationships—but union types are becoming more diverse, and with them social norms. [...]