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Research News

Research News are short texts, similar to a press release, which allow users to stay updated on the partners’ research publications.

Extramarital childbearing, marriage and cohabitation in Iceland
In Iceland, 70 per cent of children were conceived outside of marriage in 2018, yet marriage rates remain on par with the OECD average. Jónsson investigates whether the order of life course events, including cohabitation, marriage and childbirth, has changed over the past decades. [...]
The recent experience of OECD countries as a laboratory to understand what causes workers to delay retirement
Boissonneault & colleagues reviewed literature that studied the causes of increases in retirement age over the past 30 years in OECD countries. They found that changes to the social security systems effectively contributed to increases in observed retirement ages. [...]
Gender & family attitudes and the division of unpaid labour in Italy
Campolo & colleagues used an innovative methodology to investigate the roles of endogeneity of fertility, as well as gender and family attitudes and the bargaining process between partners, in the division of unpaid care work within couples. [...]
Fertility patterns & later-life loneliness
Thijs van den Broek (Erasmus University Rotterdam) and Marco Tosi (Collegio Carlo Alberto) analysed data from the Generations & Gender Programme (GGP) of older parents from eight eastern European countries. By using an instrumental variable approach, the authors show that for women, having multiple children had a causal protective effect against loneliness. [...]
A comparative study of 19 European countries and the United States
A recent study by Eva Beaujouan and Caroline Berghammer looked at the fertility gap among women in 19 European countries and the United States. Their results indicate that on average, compared to earlier expectations and intentions, women had fewer children and were childless more often. Fertility gaps differed by country & education level, leading to possible structural explanations. [...]
What role do childhood experiences play in how individuals react to their environment?
Gergő Baranyi and colleagues used data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) to assess longitudinal associations of neighbourhood nuisances and access to services with depression among older European adults. They found that those exposed to neighbourhood nuisances, i.e., higher poverty, more neighbourhood problems (e.g., crime, noise, littering) or higher air pollution, had a 36 per cent increased chance of developing depression. [...]
The role of teachers in migrant students’ school achievement
Triventi looked at national data on the whole population of students enrolled in the fifth and sixth grade in Italy in 2012 to investigate whether teachers grade students with a migration background (SMBs) less generously than native students with comparable academic skills. He found that SMBs who achieved similar standardised test scores nevertheless received lower average grades in both reading and mathematics. [...]
It’s not just about the end game
Karhula, Erola, Raab and Fasang used Finnish register data and found similarities in socio-economic trajectories between siblings, with similarities proving strongest among the most and least advantaged. They concluded that taking a life course perspective is key to examining issues of social mobility. [...]
The impact of one’s neighbours and co-workers on partner selection
A study by Rahnu et al. looked at longitudinal register data from Statistics Findland to see how the share of immigrants in one’s workplace and in one’s residential neighbourhood influences the chances of a native Finn choosing a foreign-born partner. They found positive relationships for both domains. [...]
Impact of transitioning into and out of spousal caregiving on one’s health
A study by Damiano Uccheddu, Anne H. Gauthier, Nardi Steverink and Tom Emery used data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) to identify the impact of the transition into and out of providing care for a spouse on the health of carers. [...]