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Research News

Research News are short texts, similar to a press release, which allow users to stay updated on the partners’ research publications.

Latin America is getting closer to the longevity levels of developed countries. However, high inequality in population health still prevails
Why do people in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) live shorter lives than those in the developed countries? Is LAC approaching the levels of life expectancy and population health of the most developed regions in the world? A new study published in a leading journal of demography looks at health and mortality of 20 LAC countries during the period between 2000 and 2014. A new method that authors used allow for comparison of health and mortality profiles in these countries to a benchmark of the most developed countries in the world. [...]
An article recently published in the renowned journal PNAS indicates a substantial lack of data on various species – which we would need for a better understanding of the dynamics of population developments and how our planet will change during upcoming decades. [...]
To what extent do social media users report negative or positive affects on topics relevant to the fertility domain? In a recent study published in Demographic Research, Letizia Mencarini and colleagues used computational linguistic techniques to explore opinions and semantic orientations related to parenthood on Twitter. They looked at Italy as the country of study and looked specifically at attitudes, values and feelings related to family life. [...]
Urbanisation, closely linked to industrialisation, has been progressing unevenly across time and space around the globe for more than two centuries. The early stages of urbanisation have had often one thing in common and that is its uncontrolled organic growth with negative consequences for health and environment. According to WHO, many developing cities today are “focal points for many emerging environment and health hazards”. [...]
The common heteronormative family –  two parents and children – has been joined by other family forms more and more in the last few decades. Today, there are plenty of different living arrangements and subsequent unions, separations and childbearing with multiple partners that contribute to the growing complexity of family ties, making households with multiple (step-) parental relationships and step- and half-siblings increasingly common. [...]
The persistence of mortality decline at all ages, particularly at older ages, means that an increasing number of individuals are becoming centenarians and semi-supercentenarians. In a recent study, researchers Graziella Caselli, Marco Battaglini and Giorgia Capacci attempted to show the evolution of the gender gap for cohorts born between 1870 and 1912 who were older than 100 and 105 years. [...]
A new paper by researchers Márta Radó and Michaël Boissonneault examines the differences in subjective wellbeing in Hungarians 0-3 years and 8-11 years after voluntary and involuntary retirement. The authors use genetic matching to improve the comparability of these two subgroups and to adjust the conditions of a controlled experiment in which voluntary retirement is the treatment variable. [...]
A new study published in a leading journal of public health shows that the recent increase of homicides in Mexico negatively impacted life expectancy for males and increased their lifespan inequality. [...]
The largest and most up-to-date study performed so far shows that the school progress of children with parents of the same sex does not differ from their peers in the United States today. This study, published in the leading journal Demography, also provides large-scale evidence that children adopted by same-sex parents do as well as children adopted by different-sex parents. [...]
Couples who are considering medically assisted reproduction (MAR) because they have difficulties conceiving naturally, have always feared that this decision could harm their baby. A new study published in The Lancet shows that couples can opt for this intervention without worrying about increasing their baby's health risks. [...]

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