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PopDigests

PopDigests are short, comprehensive summaries of research results with a link to the original publication (if accessible online). This allows population experts and other interested audiences to be able to easily access information to the latest research results. 

The effects of specific family policies in Hungary
Zsolt Spéder and Lívia Murinkó of the Hungarian Demographic Research Institute and Livia Sz. Oláh of Stockholm University (SUDA) used data from the Hungarian Generations and Gender Survey to study whether two policies, a flat-rate cash support and a tax rebate, increased the likelihood of women in Hungary giving birth to a third child.  [...]
Nurture, not nature, explains why some societies have more social mobility than others
The question of how life-course outcomes depend on the institution of the family is central to sociology and social demography. Few outcomes are more important in life than one's educational attainment, and a large literature studies how it depends on the family of origin – so-called intergenerational mobility research. In this field there have always been two opposing views. One seeing intergenerational transmission as "mostly in the genes" and thereby difficult to influence by policy levers; another seeing outcomes as heavily dependent on social forces. [...]
Income poverty is an important but insufficient measure of economic hardship for children
In a study just published by the prestigious journal Demography, Anika Schenck-Fontaine (Leibniz Institute for Educational Trajectories) and Lidia Panico (Institut National d’Études Démographiques) looked at multiple economic hardship combinations and how they are associated with children’s behavior problems between ages 3 and 7. [...]
Child & adolescent time use in Finland, Spain, and the UK
To investigate how child and adolescent time use differs across societies, Gracia and colleagues used 2009-2015 time-diary data on children and adolescents aged 10-17 from Finland, Spain and the UK. They find very strong cross-national differences in child and adolescent time use, net of multiple demographic factors. Consequently, they argue that cross-cultural variations are critical to understand cross-country differences in children’s daily activities. [...]
Study sheds light on rising complexities in current migration trends
A new paper by Andrea Monti sheds light on rising complexities in current migration trends by analysing differences in emigration patterns and propensities among foreign‐born people, focusing on return and onward migration separately. The paper uses high quality, full population register data on a relatively large and heterogeneous migrant population in Sweden. [...]
Engagement by fathers in Norway has a positive effect on women having children
In the Nordic countries, it has become common through extensive family policies for both mothers and fathers to be able to take parental leave following the arrival of a new child. Norway, for example, offers parents the chance to take over a year’s worth of leave. As part of this leave, a father’s quota was introduced and this has led to a dramatic increase in the number of fathers taking leave. But what impact does a father’s involvement have on a woman’s fertility decisions? [...]
Previous research has shown that separation – either from marriage or from cohabitation – has negative consequences for individuals’ financial and emotional well-being. In this study, we focus on the consequences of separation for individuals’ housing outcomes. Housing, and specifically access to homeownership, is an important dimension of inequality in industrialised countries. Those who can afford to become homeowners will accumulate further advantage over time whereas those who cannot are likely to be disadvantaged. [...]
The NEET Youth in Finland
Since the onset of the recession in the late 2000s, youth "Not in Education, Employment or Training" (NEET) have received much public attention. Some examples of policymakers’ concerns include the long-term effects of NEET status on educational and labour market outcomes, health problems among NEETs, and the effects of a large NEET population on social cohesion in European societies. This study investigates childhood determinants of NEET status after compulsory school in Finland. [...]
How Long Young Adults Want and Expect to Live
Our lives are getting longer and longer – are we perhaps living “too long”? So far, little is known about how long people want to live, and most of the few existing studies have focused exclusively on middle-aged and older adults. Young adults are expected to live even longer than current generations, and they are also in the midst of making a number of decisions and establishing behavioural patterns that will dramatically affect their future development and health. [...]
Fertility trends in Hungary
Research looking at Western European countries tends to suggest that the negative effect of parenthood on individuals’ subjective well-being is one of the key factors explaining low fertility trends. In a new study, Márta K. Radó (Postdoctoral Researcher at Erasmus University Medical Center Rotterdam and Research Fellow at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences) tested this association for Hungary, which is an especially interesting case for two main reasons. First, low fertility is a long-term trend in the country. [...]

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