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PopDigests

PopDigests are short, comprehensive summaries of research results with a link to the original publication (if accessible online). This allows population experts and other interested audiences to be able to easily access information to the latest research results. 

Understanding the role of internal migration in shaping regional population change in Germany
Nico Stawarz and Nikola Sander from Germany’s Federal Institute for Population Research (BiB) use data on migration flows between 401 counties for the period 1991 to 2017 to study the impact of migration on regional population change since German Reunification. [...]
Do personal contacts matter?
Using data from the European EQUAL project on migrants in the southern Italian region of Calabria, Cremaschi and Devillanova (Bocconi University) found that having a higher number of personal contacts increases chances of obtaining regular legal status; native and/or family contacts were associated with a much greater effect. [...]
Comparing age-specific migration patterns and migration in central and peripheral municipalities
Liliya Karachurina and Nikita Mkrtchyan (National Research University Higher School of Economics, Department of Demography) looked at how age-specific migration patterns in Europe and the United States are reflected in Russia and compared the age profiles of net migration in central and peripheral municipalities. [...]
What are the big questions for the future?
Settersten Jr., Bernardi, Härkönen & colleagues explain how a life course perspective can make an important contribution to understanding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on individuals, families and populations. [...]
Properties of infertility perceptions over time
To better understand and to shine more light on infertility, Jasmin Passet-Wittig and Martin Bujard (German Federal Institute for Population Research), Julia McQuillan (University of Nebraska-Lincoln) and Arthur L. Greil (Alfred University) looked specifically at individuals’ perceptions about their ability to reproduce in Germany. [...]
Influence of grandparents’ willingness to care for grandchildren on adult children’s decision to have their first child
Using SHARE data, Roberta Rutigliano of the University of Groningen finds that the expectation of receiving occasional grandparental childcare has a positive influence on first birth transition for all included countries, while the expectation of receiving regular grandparental childcare has a positive influence only for pro-traditional and pro-natalist countries. [...]
This unique long-term analysis carried out by the Centre for Demographic Studies at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (CED-UAB) estimates the evolution of economic inequality for Barcelona and its hinterland over five centuries (1481-1905). It concludes that inequality was higher in pre-industrial times. [...]
Role of social class and neighbourhoods in educational achievement
Finn Hedefalk and Martin Dribe (Centre for Economic Demography and the Department of Economic History, Lund University) looked at the association between neighbourhood conditions throughout childhood and educational attainment in adulthood. Unlike existing research that has focused on present-day and segregated cities in the United States, Hedefalk and Dribe take a long-term perspective and examine the impact of one’s neighbourhood in a more homogenous city in Sweden. [...]
Fertility patterns of migrants from low-fertility countries in Norway
Marianne Tønnessen & Eleonora Mussino of the Stockholm University Demography Unit investigated fertility trends among immigrant women from low-fertility countries in their destination country of Norway, a moderate-fertility country. [...]
Forerunners of new cohabitation patterns
Juho Härkönen, M.D. (Anne) Brons & Jaap Dronkers found that children of divorce are among the forerunners of cohabitation as a replacement for marriage, choosing cohabitation over marriage at a faster rate than children of intact families. As cohabitation becomes more common, children from intact families "catch up" to children of divorce in their cohabitation patterns.  [...]

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