Population decline in rural areas has recently gained importance on the European Union’s (EU) agenda and is currently among the priorities related to demographic change for the Vice-President for Democracy and Demography of the European Commission. In this current policy brief, eminent demography scholars present key insights from the discipline, aiming to contribute to the current debates on the future of rural areas in Europe.
Finn Hedefalk and Martin Dribe (Centre for Economic Demography and the Department of Economic History, Lund University) looked at the association between neighbourhood conditions throughout childhood and educational attainment in adulthood. Unlike existing research that has focused on present-day and segregated cities in the United States, Hedefalk and Dribe take a long-term perspective and examine the impact of one’s neighbourhood in a more homogenous city in Sweden.
This unique long-term analysis carried out by the Centre for Demographic Studies at the Autonomous University of Barcelona (CED-UAB) estimates the evolution of economic inequality for Barcelona and its hinterland over five centuries (1481-1905). It concludes that inequality was higher in pre-industrial times.
Using SHARE data, Roberta Rutigliano (University of Groningen) finds that the expectation of receiving occasional grandparental childcare has a positive influence on first birth transition for all included countries, while the expectation of receiving regular grandparental childcare has a positive influence only for pro-traditional and pro-natalist countries.
To better understand and to shine more light on infertility, Jasmin Passet-Wittig and Martin Bujard (German Federal Institute for Population Research), Julia McQuillan (University of Nebraska-Lincoln) and Arthur L. Greil (Alfred University) looked specifically at individuals’ perceptions about their ability to reproduce in Germany.
Richard A. Settersten Jr. (Oregon State University), Laura Bernardi (University of Lausanne), Juho Härkönen (European University Institute and Stockholm University) and 15 other colleagues explain how a life course perspective can make an important contribution to understanding the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on individuals, families and population.
Liliya Karachurina and Nikita Mkrtchyan (National Research University Higher School of Economics, Department of Demography) looked at how age-specific migration patterns in Europe and the United States are reflected in Russia and compared the age profiles of net migration in central and peripheral municipalities.
Using data from the European EQUAL project on migrants in the southern Italian region of Calabria, Cremaschi and Devillanova (Bocconi University) found that having a higher number of personal contacts increases chances of obtaining regular legal status; native and/or family contacts were associated with a much greater effect.
Anna Baranowska-Rataj and Mattias Strandh (Umeå University) looked at the impact of unemployment on self-rated health of partners. They found that financial support from the welfare state can somewhat moderate the negative health effects of a partner becoming unemployed, with interesting differences across countries with diverging policies supporting gender equality.
A paper published in BMJ Global Health by Marie-Pier Bergeron Boucher (University of Southern Denmark), José Manuel Aburto (University of Oxford) and Alyson van Raalte (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, MPIDR) on variation in causes of death sheds further light on our understanding of population health and ageing.
Gousia & colleagues used the Understanding Society longitudinal study to investigate the effects of employment on chances of housing autonomy among young people in the UK. They found significant negative effects of past as well as anticipated unemployment, as well as some important gender differences.
Despite an increasing number of empirical studies about the impact of climate change on migration, there is no scientific consensus as to what extent and under which conditions environmental factors influence migration. To fill this gap, Roman Hoffmann (Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital) and colleagues conducted a meta-analysis on the relationship between environmental change and migration.
This report presents the most up-to-date and comprehensive cross-country assessment of long-term care (LTC) workers, the tasks they perform and the policies to address shortages in OECD countries. It highlights the importance of improving working conditions in the sector and making care work more attractive and shows that there is space to increase productivity by enhancing the use of technology, providing a better use of skills and investing in prevention.
This paper from the International Organization for Migration (UN Migration) explores the impacts and implications of the COVID-19 pandemic on women migrant workers. It examines the disproportionate effects of the crisis on women, discusses the particular case of women who are "essential" migrant workers, and concludes with some recommendations.
A report of the Horizon 2020 project QuantMig, the aim of this paper is to shed light on the different facets of migration uncertainty, by offering a unique typology of the knowable and unknowable features of migration, with a special focus on the complexity of the underlying drivers.
A newly announced three-year European Union Twinning initiative will support the development of research methods expertise at the University of Tallinn, Estonia. The aim is to strengthen research on youth transitions from a life course perspective.
Kostas Rontos of the University of the Aegean is leading a new project entitled, “The perspective of a permanent refugees’ and immigrants’ settlement in Greece: Revealing the demographic and sociο-economic consequences and their importance for the Greek society’s acceptance”.
Starting in August 2020, Pavel Grigoriev, a research group leader at the German Federal Institute for Population Research (BiB), is steering a new five-year European Research Council (ERC) project entitled "Regional Disparities in Cause-Specific Mortality in Europe: The role of local context and national health policies" (REDIM).
Congratulations to Diederik Boertien (Centre for Demographic Studies at the Autonomous University of Barcelona), Mathias Lerch (MPIDR) and Ben Wilson (Stockholm University Demography Unit, SUDA) for receiving a prestigious ERC Starting Grant!
Guest edited by Phil Rees (School of Geography, University of Leeds, UK) and Nikola Sander (German Federal Institute for Population Research), Comparative Population Studies (CPoS) is now publishing a special issue on the role of internal migration as a driver of regional population change in Europe.
During this webinar as part of the VULNER project, migration scholars take stock of legal and policy measures adopted in the EU and Canada, discuss how these measures have impacted vulnerable migrants and examine some of the solutions that have been set in motion.