Changing families, Changing time: Marriage, Parenthood, and Gendered Time Allocation in Great Britain, 1992 to 2017
Speaker: Dr Muzhi Zhou, University of Oxford
Abstract: How do marriage and parenthood change our life, how are women and men affected differently by this family formation process, and whether their impact has changed over time? In this talk, we use the UK Household Longitudinal Study (1992-2017) and fixed-effect regressions to document the changing dynamics of paid work time and housework time for women and men during the family formation process. We find that when people get married, both women’s and men’s paid work time remains stable, while their housework time increases, especially for women. Notably, the gendered impact of marriage on housework has disappeared: after the 2010s, women’s housework hours are no longer positively linked to marriage. Meanwhile, following motherhood, the decrease in paid work time and the increase in housework time has declined, but men’s response to marriage and parenthood has remained moderate and stable over the past 25 years. The declining significance of family in formulating the gendered time use pattern suggests that the gender revolution in Great Britain has been occurring unevenly in the field of marriage and parenthood.
Bio: Dr Muzhi Zhou is a postdoctoral researcher at the Department of Sociology, University of Oxford. Current research interests are family formation, gender inequality, parenting and childcare in Western and East Asian societies. Under the ERC-funded GenTime project, Muzhi’s work is to examine the global gender convergence in time use over the past three decades. Muzhi has also been working on families and marriages in the UK, China, and Hong Kong (SAR). Muzhi’s work has been published in Gender&Society, Demographic Research, and Chinese Sociological Review. You can contact Muzhi via muzhi.zhou [at] sociology.ox.ac.uk or on Twitter @jomuzhi