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Population Europe Inter-Faces are a series of video interviews with leading demographic experts on Population Europe’s YouTube channel and other video material of general interest produced by the partner institutes. Users can gain first-hand insights about demographic developments, which may affect individual life courses and future policies.

An interview with Agnese Vitali (University of Southampton) on female breadwinners. Questions: 1. Looking at the income of European families, who is typically the “breadwinner” these days? 2. Are there typical scenarios of how women become the main earner? 3. Are there European countries where the numbers of female breadwinners are especially high, and what are the reasons for this? 4. What has changed the most about the income situation of families over the last decade, and what will the development be like in the next ten years? [...]
Interview with Trifon Missov (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (MPIDR) ) on Ageing. Questions: 1. Sometimes I look at my friends who are my age and wonder why some look much younger, and others older. Is that an indication that everyone ages at a different rate? 2. What do we actually know about the individual rate of ageing for human beings? 3. Looking back at the totality of my life, were the illnesses and unhealthy habits of my youth more relevant for my rate of ageing, or rather the health problems that occurred in the later years of my life? [...]
An interview with Ross McMillan (Bocconi University) on health over the life course. Questions: 1. I often hear that highly educated people are healthier in old age. Do I have to worry now because I don’t have a university degree? 2. What explains the health differences between people who otherwise live in similar circumstances? 3. How exactly can my cognitive abilities have an impact on my health? 4. Which impact could your findings have on policy makers? Should there be compulsory health education for young children in school for example? [...]
An interview with Iñaki Permanyer (Center for Demographic Studies) on social inequalities. Questions: 1. When I hear about the unemployment rates for young people in many southern European countries, I wonder how they manage to survive – what do you know about their living arrangements? 2. What is the situation if unemployment happens later in life, do families still provide support? 3. How many unemployed people actually have to cope without any support from parents or partners? [...]
"The share of childless people is not that much bigger than it used to be" - an interview with Clara H. Mulder. Questions: 1. What are the most significant changes in intergenerational relations in the last decades? 2. In the future, won't it be mainly the elderly who will need help from their children? 3. So you don't fear a looming war between the generations? 4. Will it make a difference that less people live in traditional families? 5. How can childless people stay involved with younger generations when they get older? [...]
Embedded thumbnail for The Science and Conditions of Ageing
On 9th December 2014, the Nobel Week Dialogue was held in Stockholm. Representatives from politics, society and the scientific community – among them many Nobel Laureates – came together to engage in dialogue on aging society. MPIDR-Director Jim Vaupel took an active part in the discussions. The theme of the third Nobel Week Dialogue was "The Age to Come - New scientific and cultural perspectives on ageing". Watch all the speeches here. MPIDR-Director James W. Vaupel gave a talk on the demographic consequences of an aging society, his presentation starts at 13:30. [...]
"We have to focus on trying to get men to change" - an interview with Pearl Dykstra (Erasmus University Rotterdam). Questions: 1. Are there differences between men and women when it comes to working preferences? 2. What differences exist between European countries in the context of female work patterns? 3. Which policies could help to change these gendered work patterns? 4. What are the social prospects of single and childless people when they get older? [...]
"We have to start thinking about non-productive or non-paid work in a different way" - an interview with Jane Falkingham (Centre for Population Change, University of Southampton). Questions: 1. How do the shifts in population growth and ageing that took place in the last five decades differ from previous demographic transitions? 2. What do you consider to be the biggest policy challenge resulting from these changes? 3. Can these challenges be met within the existing framework of our welfare systems? [...]
"We can not avoid working longer" - an interview with Irena Kotowska. Questions: 1. Are the ageing societies of most European countries bound to face a shrinking workforce and therefore declining economic productivity? 2. What are the differences in this respect between regions in Europe? 3. How could policy makers address these developments? 4. Which type of pension reform could be seen as a best practice example? 5. Will we have to not only work longer but work more? [...]
"We need to trust others if we have to rely on them taking care of our kids" - an interview with Francesco Billari. Questions: 1. As an expert in fertility behaviour, which recent development in that field would you consider most significant? 2. Does that mean policy can make an impact on birth rates, or is it rather economies that matter? 3. What other factors are important in the context of fertility? [...]

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