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Ageing and Life Expectancy

OECD’s Pensions at a Glance 2015
by Monika Queisser [...]
Eastern Europeans age faster than Western Europeans
Do different ageing patterns exist in different European areas, and is there a difference between East and West? To study the distinctive patterns of ageing by gender, and education in 16 European countries, Warren C. Sanderson and Sergei Scherbov use prospective ages in place of chronological ages. Prospective ages take changes in life expectancy into account. Prospective ages are based on how many years people have ahead of them, while chronological age is the number of years people have already lived. Sanderson and Scherbov confirm that one important feature influencing ageing is peoples’ education: overall, differences between men and women tend to diminish as education levels increase. Across Eastern and Western Europe, ageing differences tend to disappear as education increases. [...]
Living conditions predict residential satisfaction of older people in Europe
Living conditions can affect the quality of life of older people in two different ways. The first is objective and regards the characteristics of dwellings. The second, instead, is subjective and respond to elder’s perceptions of how they accomplish the fulfilment of their needs. Both, together with their individual characteristics, build what has been defined as “residential satisfaction”. [...]
INED celebrated its 70th anniversary with special conferences, September 22, 2015. In this roundtable animated by the journalist Thierry Guerrier, the participants were : Jean-Claude Ameisen (French national ethics committee), Géraldine Duthé (INED), Agnès Lefranc (InVS), Jean-Marie Robine (Inser-Ined-EPHE).   Realisation: Odile Gras © Institut national d’études démographiques [...]
Looking after your grandchildren will make you feel younger
Population ageing has recently boosted an extensive debate about how to measure individual aging. The chronological age, even if conventionally used, is somehow limited because it does not capture people’s own representation of aging, that is, how old people actually feel they are. In their study on the United States, Valeria Bordone and Bruno Arpino test the association between subjective age, as an alternative measure to chronological age, and two important social roles for older adults: having grandchildren and providing grandchild care. Their findings reveal that grandparenthood strongly shapes people’s own experience of ageing. [...]
Dogs can improve the overall health of their owners at older ages
Dog ownership can positively influence levels of physical activity, but there is little evidence when it comes to older adults. [...]
The European Association for Population Studies (EAPS) invites contributions to the next European Population Conference to be held in Mainz, Germany, 31 August - 3 September 2016 (EPC2016). EPC2016 is a general scientific population conference where the topic "Demographic Change and Policy Implications" will receive special attention.   [...]
The 10-year anniversary edition of Pensions at a Glance highlights the pension reforms undertaken by OECD and G20 countries over the last two years. Two special chapters provide deeper analysis of first-tier pension schemes and of the impact of short or interrupted careers, due to late entry into employment, childcare or unemployment, on pension entitlements. Another chapter analyses the sensitivity of long-term pension replacement rates on various parameters. A range of indicators for comparing pension policies and their outcomes between OECD and G20 countries is also provided. [...]
The European Demographic Data Sheet pools current figures as well as projections. It covers the EU 27-countries and 22 other states on the European continent as well as Japan and the United States. Basic demographic data about fertility, ageing and migration is presented in one main table and short explanatory text and additional graphs highlight certain interesting developments. The Data Sheet is updated with a new focus every two years. Maintainer/Info: Sergei Scherbov [...]
INED has designed a series of teaching kits that describe a number of useful demographic tools and concepts. They are intended for use in primary and secondary schools as classroom teaching aids or to help teachers prepare their lessons. They cover several different themes and provide links to other teaching resources. (language: English) © INED [...]

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