By Jani Erola and Elina Kilpi-JakonenDrawing conclusions of what promotes intergenerational mobility, thus promoting more equal societies, has turned out to be rather difficult. In our edited volume, we argue that an important factor that previous studies have overlooked is compensation. This means that when resources are lacking or have suddenly been lost, some attempts are made to access other resources. These attempts may come from the children, the parents themselves, or other persons nearby, such as grandparents, other extended or new family members, or even neighbours. [...]
The impact of working while participating in education on the transition to motherhood in HungaryOver the course of the past few decades, women’s enrolment in post-secondary educational programmes has dramatically increased. The fertility implications have been well documented, but the studies generally assume that a student is only a student. Zsolt Spéder and Tamás Bartus sought to understand the impact double-status (studying part-time and working part-time at the same time) may have on the transition to motherhood. It turns out, their interest was well founded. They found the fertility implications of double-status women to be notable. [...]
IIASA World Population Program Director Wolfgang Lutz has received a new grant from the European Research Council.
The project will explore human wellbeing as criterion for sustainable developmentThe European Research Council (ERC) has awarded Wolfgang Lutz a 2017 Advanced Grant. The project aims to develop new indicators for long-term human wellbeing that include feedbacks from environmental and other changes. Lutz is scientific director of the Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (OeAW), and professor of applied statistics at the Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU). These three institutions together are part of the Wittgenstein Center, of which Lutz is the founding director. [...]
Men and women perceive differently the consequences of work after retirement on relationshipsWith more time than ever to themselves, retirees’ relationships with their partners can certainly be expected to evolve. Hopefully, to improve. But as German society ages, more and more retirees are engaging in bridge employment, paid work between the retirement from full-time work and complete withdrawal from the labour market. The consequences of this trend on relationships after retirement are still unclear, but a new study from Andreas Mergenthaler and Volker Cihlar shows that, as ever, there is a gender dimension to the question. [...]
But they do so as absolute all-cause mortality fallsTo better understand increasing inequalities in mortality trends, Rianne de Gelder and colleagues took a long-term approach. Using data from 1970-2010, they explored both absolute and relative inequalities in mortality based on level of education and occupational class. They did so by comparing six countries: England and Wales, Finland, France, Hungary, Italy (Turin) and Norway. [...]
Prize: 2000€The award will be delivered during the next Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies (SLLS) conference taking place in Scotland next October. In addition to the prize, the author will be invited to present the awarded paper during the conference and have his/her travel expenses, conference and hotel fees (3 nights) covered. [...]
When deciding to move, men’s careers are still prioritised, but dual-income households are less likely to goThe decision to pick up and move is a complex one. Migrating involves both direct costs — the move itself — and indirect, opportunity costs, or the foregone benefits of staying put. Moving a household exacerbates this complexity. A new study by Sergi Vidal, Francisco Perales, Philipp M. Lersch and Maria Brandén confirms that this is especially true for dual-earner couples, couples in which both members work outside the home. In principle, this means expanding female labour force participation and shrinking earnings gaps could restrict family moves in the future. The authors, however, also show that policy will have a role to play. [...]