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PopDigests

PopDigests are short, comprehensive summaries of research results with a link to the original publication (if accessible online). This allows population experts and other interested audiences to be able to easily access information to the latest research results. 

Racial Preferences in Online Dating across European Countries
Online dating is one of the fastest growing ways in which individuals in many countries meet a partner. Therefore, it can serve as an immediate gauge of wider race relations and integration in a country. However, at this point in time, this has hardly been scientifically explored outside of the United States, nor from a comparative perspective. Potârcă and Mills contribute to the field by examining the level of in- and out-group preferences in online dating across nine European countries. [...]
Receiving Instrumental Support in Late Parent-Child Relationships and Parental Depression
Depression is a major public health problem and the most frequent cause of emotional suffering in later life, which significantly decreases the quality of life of older adults. Social support from family members, and especially children, is of key importance for mental health and well-being. In this study, Maja Djundeva, Melinda Mills, Rafael Wittek and Nardi Steverink explore the role of gender, functional limitations, and social interaction in the association between instrumental support from adult children and parental depression. [...]
Non-Standard Work Schedules and Childbearing in the Netherlands: A Mixed-Method Couple Analysis
The increasing labour force participation of women is considered one of the most significant social changes of the past decades and has had a profound impact on the household division of labour and childbearing decisions. The growth in female labour market participation and the resulting difficulties in combining work and family duties does not only impact the number of hours women work, but it also impacts their working times. [...]
A new study explores family contexts and adolescents' emotional status
Children’s living arrangements have become increasingly diverse and complex in recent decades. A significant proportion of children today grow up in stepfamilies or in separated one-parent families.There has been a wide range of literature that has explored the impact of these family configurations on children’s outcomes later in life. Silvia Meggiolaro and Fausta Ongaro focus on an aspect that has received less attention: children’s emotional status related to non-traditional family forms. [...]
Comparing Migrant Achievement Penalties in Western Europe
Across Europe, statistics show that children from migrant families are less successful in school then other pupils. In a recent article Camilla Borgna and Dalit Contini examine the impact of educational systems and provide explanations beyond language skills and socio-economic background.Using data from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) survey, the authors compare results for 17 countries. They focus on second-generation immigrants and their achievements at the end of compulsory schooling, about age 15. [...]
Financial worries and money saving behaviour among Europeans with respect to old age
Most welfare states in Europe have taken measures to make their public pension systems more sustainable, not only by increasing the retirement age but also by placing additional responsibility on individuals to close the pension gap through personal savings and private pension plans. A cross-national study by Douglas A. Hershey, Kne Henkens and Hendrik P. van Dalen investigates who worries most about their financial future in retirement and who takes active steps to ensure an adequate standard of living when retired. [...]
Cómo afectan los medio hermanos a los resultados educativos de los adolescentes
Términos como “familias mixtas” o “familias mosaico” suenan nuevos y modernos, pero el concepto es antiguo ya que siempre han habido niños que han crecido en lo que se denominaban “familias reconstruidas”. Sin embargo, lo que han cambiado de forma significativa con el tiempo son las razones que originan estas uniones: mientras que históricamente fueron principalmente el resultado de la muerte prematura de un progenitor, las familias reconstruidas de hoy en día se forman principalmente tras la separación de los padres. Las uniones de las familias actuales, por lo tanto, son variadas: dos niños que viven en el mismo hogar pueden compartir ambos padres, lo que les convierte en plenos hermanos; pueden ser hijos biológicos de cada uno de los adultos del hogar, pero no del mismo, lo que los convierte en hermanastros; o uno puede ser hijo biológico de uno de los adultos del hogar y el otro de ambos, lo que les convierte en medio hermanos. [...]
Avoir des demi-frères et sœurs peut la scolarisation des adolescents
Les termes « familles mélangées » ou « familles patchworks » semblent nouveaux et modernes, mais le concept est ancien. De tout temps, de nombreux enfants ont grandi dans ce qu’on appelle une « famille recomposée ». Toutefois, ce qui a considérablement changé au fil du temps, ce sont les raisons d’une telle situation. Alors que par le passé les familles recomposées étaient principalement le résultat d’un décès prématuré des parents, de nos jours, elles se forment suite à la séparation des parents. Ainsi, l’organisation familiale actuelle est diverse : deux enfants vivant dans le même foyer peuvent avoir les mêmes parents (ils sont donc frères ou sœurs), ou bien chacun peut être l’enfant biologique de l’un des deux adultes du foyer, qui n’est pas le même pour les deux (et sont donc frères ou sœurs par alliance), ou encore l’un des enfants peut vivre avec ses deux parents biologiques dont un seul est le parent de l’autre enfant (et sont donc demi-frères ou demi-sœurs). [...]
How half-siblings affect adolescent educational outcomes
Terms like “blended families” or “patchwork families” sound new and modern, but the concept is an old one. There have always been children growing up in what was then called “Stepfamilies”. However, what changed significantly over time are the reasons for such arrangements: Whilst historically they were mostly a result of early parental death, today’s stepfamilies are usually formed after parents separate. So today’s family arrangements are varied: Two children living in the same household might share both parents, making them full siblings. Or they might each be the biological child of one, but not the same, adult in the household, making them stepsiblings. Or one child might live with both of their biological parents of whom one is the parent and one is the stepparent of the other child, making the children half-siblings. [...]
Wie Halbgeschwister die schulischen Leistungen von Jugendlichen beeinflussen
Ausdrücke wie „Patchworkfamilie“ klingen neu und modern, doch das Konzept ist alt. Schon immer gab es Kinder, die in sogenannten „Stieffamilie“ aufwuchsen. Was jedoch im Laufe der Zeit einen beträchtlichen Wandel erfuhr, sind die Gründe für derartige Arrangements: Waren sie früher zumeist die Folge des frühen Todes eines Elternteils, werden die Stieffamilien unserer Tage im Allgemeinen nach der Trennung von Eltern gegründet. Die heutigen familiären Arrangements sind daher vielfältig: Zwei Kinder, die in demselben Haushalt leben, haben möglicherweise dieselben Eltern, was sie zu Vollgeschwistern macht. Beide könnten aber auch jeweils das biologische Kind eines Erwachsenen im Haushalt sein, aber nicht desselben, wodurch sie zu Stiefgeschwistern werden. Oder aber eines der Kinder lebt mit seinen beiden biologischen Eltern zusammen, von denen einer ein Elternteil des anderen Kindes ist und einer ein Stiefelternteil, womit die Kinder Halbgeschwister sind. [...]

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