Armenia and Georgia in comparative perspectiveMortality trends in former Soviet Republics differ substantially among countries. While these trends have been well-documented for Russia and other northern former Soviet Republics, little is known about countries located in the southern tier of the region. To begin to fill this gap, Duthé et al. (2017) present evidence from Georgia and Armenia and compare it with countries which we know more about, namely Kyrgyzstan and Russia. Results show that Armenia and Georgia have similar levels of adult mortality as Kyrgystan. [...]
New statistics from EurostatThe use of medicine differs between Member States. In the EU, almost half of the population (49 %) used prescribed medicines in 2014. Among the Member States, this proportion ranged from 23% in Romania, 36% in Cyprus, 38% in Italy and 39% in Bulgaria, to 55% in the Czech Republic, Luxembourg and Finland, 56% in Portugal and 60% in Belgium. [...]
The Effect of Family Formation on the Build-up of Pension Rights Among Minority Ethnic Groups and Native Women in BelgiumAuthors: Karel Neels, David De Wachter, and Hans Peeters [...]
A look at NorwayWhether children stabilize or destabilize unions has long interested nearly everyone. Most studies by social scientists indicate the former—that kids are a stabilizing force in relationships—but union types are becoming more diverse, and with them social norms. In their recent study, Rannveig Kaldager Hart, Torkild Hovde Lyngstad and Elina Vinberg take another look at Norway and expand on previous research by including data on cohabiting couples. Plus, by using data from the Norwegian Generations and Gender Programme, they were able to look at changes over time. [...]
Social norms determine how we use our time, which affects our marriagesBetween American, Spanish and French couples, who spends the most time together? With their children? Without them? The amount of time spent with one’s partner is a well-accepted indicator of marital wellbeing, but finding the time can become challenging with children. [...]
The impact of working while participating in education on the transition to motherhood in HungaryOver the course of the past few decades, women’s enrolment in post-secondary educational programmes has dramatically increased. The fertility implications have been well documented, but the studies generally assume that a student is only a student. Zsolt Spéder and Tamás Bartus sought to understand the impact double-status (studying part-time and working part-time at the same time) may have on the transition to motherhood. It turns out, their interest was well founded. They found the fertility implications of double-status women to be notable. [...]
IIASA World Population Program Director Wolfgang Lutz has received a new grant from the European Research Council.
The project will explore human wellbeing as criterion for sustainable developmentThe European Research Council (ERC) has awarded Wolfgang Lutz a 2017 Advanced Grant. The project aims to develop new indicators for long-term human wellbeing that include feedbacks from environmental and other changes. Lutz is scientific director of the Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (OeAW), and professor of applied statistics at the Vienna University of Economics and Business (WU). These three institutions together are part of the Wittgenstein Center, of which Lutz is the founding director. [...]