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Social Attitudes Toward Adoption by Same-Sex Couples in Europe

Copyright: DGLimages

By examining social attitudes on same-sex adoption in 28 European countries, researchers Judit Takács, Ivett Szalma and Tamás Bartus highlighted individual and country-level factors that can determine the level of social acceptance or rejection of this specific kind of adoption. Their article contributes to the literature on social acceptance of lesbian women, gay men, and their adoption practices in Europe and directs attention to several previously under-researched aspects of social attitudes on same-sex parenting rights.

The empirical base of this study was the fourth round of the European Values Study, conducted in 2008–2010. 

The authors found strong relationships between social attitudes towards adoption by same-sex couples and the existence of legislation permitting same-sex adoption practices at the country-level, as well as some individual attitudes, including those related to traditional family formation practices, “justification of homosexuality,” and (non-) preference for homosexual neighbors. The findings indicate a shift within the potential interpretational contexts of adoption by same-sex couples from a narrow sexuality-based framework to a different and possibly much wider context of family and parenting practices.

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