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Discussion Papers

While the policy briefs provide a condensed, four-page overview on a specific policy-relevant topic, the discussion papers tackle more general aspects and perspectives of population developments, and go more in-depth into an issue.

Irregular Migration in Germany
This report aims at contributing to the advancement of research on irregular migration in Germany by describing how irregular migration is defined by German law, which data is available to study this phenomenon as well as its limitations, what researchers have explored so far, and how to move forward. Therefore, the document is organised as follows: First, the pathways in and out of irregular status in Germany are introduced. This is of key importance to understand the data available and the gaps that have been identified. [...]
How “new ageing” will change our lives (2017)
This Green Book covers a wide spectrum of topics, bringing together perspectives from leading experts in various scientific disciplines, ranging from demography, sociology, psychology and epidemiology, to economics, politics and history. In their short contributions, the authors present evidence that sheds light on these fundamental questions. It is clear that the topics discussed here do not provide a complete picture of the diversity of demographic change, which includes an even wider range of questions, for example, related to family and migration policies. [...]
Wie das "neue Altern" unser Leben verändern wird (2017)
Das vorliegende Grünbuch versammelt eine breite Palette an Themen und bringt führende Experten aus unterschiedlichen wissenschaftlichen Disziplinen zusammen – von der Demografie und Soziologie über die Psychologie, Epidemiologie hin zu den Wirtschafts-, Politik- und Geschichtswissenschaften –, um in kurzen Beiträgen einige grundlegende Fragen evidenzbasiert zur Diskussion zu stellen. [...]
The aim of this discussion paper is to provide up-to-date empirical evidence and policy recommendations related to family issues in Europe. [...]
Europe is and further will be facing new challenges related to the consequences of demographic change. Among other socio-demographic transformations, population ageing is inevitable in most European states due to long-term demographic trends. Therefore, social and health policies are focusing more and more on the circumstances and effects of longer lives, e.g. with regard to promoting active and healthy ageing, encouraging longer working lifetimes and designing new public-private pension arrangements to ensure adequate material well-being in old age. [...]
This paper focuses on the views and concepts of European civil society actors on the issue of demographic change and related fields. Chapter 1 clarifies the scope of this paper in terms of how EU civil society is understood, what aspects of demographic change and population policy are considered and which period of time is cov­ered. Chapter 2 provides examples of institutionalised forms of exchange between the EU and civil society organisations at the European Commission level in areas relevant to the issue of demographic change. [...]
This paper offers insights into how demographic change is discussed as a political challenge at the European Union (EU) level, specifically the European Commission. Chapter 1 provides basic conceptual specifications and definitions on how population policies and demographic change are understood in this paper. Chapter 2 describes the institutional set-up and framework of population policies at the EU level. Chapter 3 gives a short overview of how demographic issues are institutionally framed as areas of political action within the European Commission. [...]
This document highlights some of the emerging issues in policy-relevant population research in light of the fundamental demographic developments of our times. It sets an agenda of the most urgent topics and most exciting approaches in the field of policy-relevant population studies. The four sections of the document introduce and elaborate on main thematic fields of demographic research. In these, we handle the most relevant topics and enquiries on population dynamics that impact mar­kets, society, and policies today and in the near future. [...]